Mixing Your Own Pig Feed Ingredients for Making Pig Feed

Young pigs do not take much in terms of solid feed because they get all their nutritional needs from their mothers' milk. To ensure piglets get enough milk from suckling during the early stages of growth, farmers should give the sows adequate and balanced feed to ensure they produce adequate milk for the piglets. At three weeks after farrowing (birth), the farmer should castrate all male piglets and start to train them to eat solid feeds. Suckling piglets should also have their sharp teeth clipped, three days after farrowing to prevent them causing injury to their mother during suckling.

what are some good names for a guinea pig?

ooohhhhh yay i love answering pet names well here are some ideas!!!!: babe ,cocoa ,cutie, dusty, Flopsy , Fuzzy,Katerina,Lady,Cuddles ,Noodles , my favorite name is Lina pronounced lean-a, Fluffy, Sparky , Midnight,Winnie, Roxy, Krista, Jewel, Jupiter, Buddy, Molly,Josie ,Sophie ,Baby , Gabby, Tibby, Lucy, Alice , Bella , Edward , Emmet, Rosalie, Carlisle , Esme, Remeseme , Jacob, Josh, Giget, Saidy,Wubby ,Swetty, Fur Ball, Loppy, Wali ,Gracey , or people you knows names hope this helped !!!!!! email me for more ideas anytime!!! :)

A checklist for guinea pigs...?

you definitely need something to chew on like a wood block or somthing they bite SO HARD you also need a ball he can run around in and they POOP a lot so be aware of that! other than that have fun with your new piggy pig! lol

I am getting guinea pig in 2 weeks! any names and grooming tips?

I cant give you a name unless i no what it looks like and to groom it you have to brushh and shampoo it. Just common sense.

Guinea Pig Owners...?

(1). not a long time maybe 2 weeks. they love to be held (2). 2 girls. 2 boys fight (3). best part... having one worst part....cleaning its cage (4) that perfect they like to hide keep out of reach of other animals that would harm it.

ok is this really a vegan and vegetarian section or just people who make fun of vegans and vegetarians????

Essentially, what matters is that you are okay with what you eat. If you do not want to give up Skittles (I know I could not !), then keep on eating them. The positive environmental and healthiness impacts of vegetarianism are still significant, as is the decrease in animal cruelty. But to answer your question, that's fine. Vegetarians do not eat red meat, poultry, pig (I do not know under what umbrella that falls), or fish. That said, some people consider themselves vegetarians even if they eat fish; this probably stems from the Catholic tradition of not eating meat on Fridays during Lent - fish is still allowed. Most vegetarians, however, still eat animal by-products; if they do not , they are probably vegan. Vegans are the ones who do not eat any animals OR animal by-products. These are the people that do not eat eggs or cheese or drink milk. If you are trying to be a strict vegan, I would say you should skip foods with gelatin, but otherwise, try to combine your beliefs, goals, AND tastes in a way that makes this diet sustainable for you

Where do they serve the Cuban dish "Suckling Pig"?

If you are looking for a restaurant, just google for your area. If you are looking for receipes, I have a few different links for you.

In Chinese astrology people born in the year 1983 is a Dog or a Pig?

It depends if they were born before the chinese new year or after the chinese new year... chinese new year = february.

Are there pigs in Iran?

In wild life. Yes a lot.Are there pigs in Iran?

My guinea pig fell when i went to put her in her hutch, help!?

Please take her to a vet! I hate to see guinea pigs hurt :(

Help what to do about my guinea pig?

You need to separate them, its all about territory and coming to terms with who is the dominant and submissive guinea pig. Introducing them slowly in a controlled environment is whats best and they will gradually get used to each other with time. It might be advisable to put two of everything in the cage - two beds, two water bottles, two food bowls etc.. I have not doubled everything because I have got two and they would spat at each other, I have just put an extra bed in (which I made out of a shoe box with a whole in so it was cost effective) and I make sure there are two lots of fresh food when I give them veg. hope I help :)

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Guinea Pig Question!!?
It's good!! Guinea pigs love to squeak! It's because she likes where you are petting her. They will squeak loudly when they are hungry, softly when they are happy and bubbly when they are curious. It's adorable!1. Pig hooves as dog treats?I have four dogs a Pit Lab mix, a full Lab, a Bishon Frise, and a Wire Terrier. I have bought a package of 100 pig hooves two months ago. The only problem is that they stink a bit but other than that they really enjoy the hooves. Well for the beginning the the Pit Lab takes them and buries them. I have never had a problem with them throwing up it may just be a breed thing or the supplier2. Guinea pig help?To help your new pig settle in then all you need to do is leave him alone for a day or two, it may not eat much so do not worry this is normal while they are getting used to the new sights and smell of their new home. I would just use the carrier they give you at the pet shop as they are dark and the guinea pig will be less stressed than in a large carrier. When picking your pig remember to get the guinea pig that is running mad, eating, wriggles when you hold him/her, do not go for the cute little one that is huddled in a corner looking lonely as with pet shops these ones are the ones that are ill and pet store pigs are notorious for dying within a week in their new home. Check the eyes are bright and clear from discharge, no bald patches or eyes half closed. I would'nt use wool as guinea pigs will chew this and could cause a blockage. Good homemade toys are a paper bag filled with hay and veg peices hid inside as guinea pigs love to forage for their food. Paper plate folded in half, they will knock this round the cage and then chew on it, just make sure they are not the plastic coated plates. Large cardboard tubes or a shoe box for them to hide in and chew. When handling time use this time for a peice of fruit as a treat as they will in time associate this as a good experience and will look forward to being handled. Speak to him/her everytime you walk by and again with time they will wheek at the sound of your voice. Enjoy your new pig and remember there is always someone here to help you out.3. Is guinea pig good to eat?In central America, and parts ot northern South America, they are raised for food, so yes you can eat them. As to making your daughter help you kill her pet, what is wrong with you?4. How To Tame A Guinea Pig?guinea pigs take time to earn your trust! just talk to them in a soft voice so they reconize your voice, wear a top around the house for a day then put it in their cage so it has your scent on it (preferbly a top you dont really care about because they will make a mess of it). when they are in their cage just slowly and i mean slow! reach your hand in and pet their heads and behind their ears, when i rub behind my guinea pigs ears they purr and get so comfortable and stretch out completely they really enjoy it lol. with floor time, i have a cage door on my guinea pigs cage i leave it open and they go back in when they want the first time they had floor time, they just went under my bed and stayed there, but the next few times they started exploring, going back into their cage when they wanted to. if your cage has a door make sure to keep it open when they are having floor time so its easy for them to get in and out. when i want them to go back into their cage i put their favourite food (parsley) in their cage and they run back in straight away. =]5. guinea pig?i am 22 now & have had 4 guinea pigs; Guinea, Fivel, Sampson, & Nell. i got my first when i was about 3-4 years old. they are not that hard to care for. keep them in their cage, and clean it at least once a week. i always kept food in their bowl & always kept water in the bottle. on days whe you clean the cage, take out and clean the food dish and water bottle. every once in a while you can give them treats, such as a carrot or lettuce. but not too much or it will go right through them. if i remember correctly, they live about 5 years or so, giveor take a few years. here are a few websites you can check out. good luck in deciding
The Peppa Pig Parenting Predicament
I know what youre thinking.I havent seen such good alliteration since secondary school English class.Unless youve been living under a rock for the fifteen years since she first graced our screens, the chances are pretty good that you know exactly who Peppa Pig is. If you dont, then I envy you. Only parents or those with young siblings truly understand just how torturous an experience having to listen to a cartoon pig constantly whining can be.As I type this article Im sat on my new garden furniture, basking in what is undoubtedly the last bit of sunshine the UK will see this year. Over the sound of my typing, I can hear children playing in a nearby garden. I find it highly amusing that I sit and type this particular article, I can hear a child shouting that she wants to watch Peppa Pig.In fifteen years the show has transformed from something which nearly never made it to air, to being shown in 170 countries and translated into 40 languages. The official Peppa Pig Youtube channel has more than 9 million subscribers (most of these are undoubtedly parents, unaware that their child has subscribed), and the show has led to the creation of all manners of merchandise, clothing, toys, DVDs, music albums and even a theme park. Kids love that irritating little hog.My children are no exception. Or they used to be. My daughter Isabella is five, so shes grown out of it, but when she was younger its all she ever wanted to watch. My son Jacob is two and it is currently one of his favourite to watch.I try not to pay much attention to the TV when my kids are watching it, so after almost six years of parenting, its pretty much become background noise now. But given the sheer amount of time combined my children have spent watching Peppa Pig, Ive picked up a few snippets here and there, which have led me to one conclusion.Peppa Pig is a rude, obnoxious little brat, and Id be horrified if either of my children turned out like her.Now the parents among you, and those with younger siblings will no doubt have some inkling as to where Im going with this. But for the blissfully unaware, let me give you some insight into the life of Peppa Pig.1) Shes a sore loser, and rude to pretty much everyone.Youre not my friend anymore is one of Peppas favourite phrases. If things arent going her way, or someone does something she doesnt like, Peppa is not afraid to say Bye-bye to her friends. The clip below, infamous among parents and meme-lovers demonstrates exactly what I mean:Now, some might say that her character is written to be realistic of how real children might act. But is this the behaviour we want our children to emulate? Jacob is two, far too young to understand whats happening in the show. He likes it because its colourful, and Peppa has a funny voice. Thats about it. But in a year or so, he may have developed more of an understanding of some of the concepts depicted in the show. Do I want him starting school thinking that friendships are based on the rule of Do what I want or get lost? No thank you.2) Peppa constantly fat-shames her Daddy.The shows writers were apparently unable to make a single episode that didnt involve Peppa making some sort of reference to Daddy Pigs Big Tummy.The above video is over an hour-long, but you only need to watch the first fifteen seconds to see what I mean. In this episode, Peppa and George are playing in their secret treehouse. She decides that the secret password is Daddys Big Tummy, which prompts much laughter from the rest of the family at Daddy Pigs expense. In other episodes, she tells Daddy Pig that he is too big to go down the slide with George, that he needs to do more exercise, that his tummy is too big for him to dive into a swimming pool.And we wonder why children become bullies? Now Im not for a moment suggesting that if a child becomes a bully then it is solely the fault of a cartoon pig. But for young children to watch scenes depicting fat-shaming makes these attitudes appear normal. Ive written previously about child obesity, how an increasing number of children are already overweight when they start school. Do you want your child to think its normal to make fun of another childs big tummy because Peppa Pig does it? Or even worse, how would you feel if your child was on the receiving end of such comments?And while were on the topic of Daddy Pig3) The Shows Portrayal of Men Leaves A lot To Be DesiredSilly Daddy is something I hear quite often from my children and no doubt that obnoxious little pig is to blame. Its what Peppa says gleefully after watching Daddy Pig lose his glasses, knock a hole through a wall while hanging a picture, or mistaking what day it is and being late for work. The general attitude of the show is that the lead male character is fat, lazy and incompetent, who likes to do nothing more than watch television and eat chocolate cake. Female characters, on the other hand, are portrayed in a completely different light.One particular episode shows Miss Rabbit, the shows resident multi-tasking superwoman, taking a sick day from her multiple jobs as a bus driver, running an ice-cream stand, and working in a supermarket. Other characters (two of which are male) offer to step in and cover while she is off sick but they are seemingly not up to the task.Everyone makes the same joke that women can multitask and men cant. But portraying men as incompetent and lazy as a direct comparison to women is a lesson we should not be teaching our children, particularly in this day and age where we are constantly banging on about inequality. Imagine if the roles were reversed, and it was Mummy Pig or Miss Rabbit failing to do Daddy Pigs job while hes sick. Would it be acceptable then, to send the message to preschool children that one gender is superior to the other? I think not.4) Shes a Terrible Big SisterHaving an older daughter and a younger son, I can relate to this one somewhat. Jacob absolutely worships the ground that Isabella walks on. He loves playing with her, he just wants to be involved. She cant wear one of her Disney Princess dresses without him wanting to put one on and dance around with her. Most of the time they get along. Yes, they wind each other up. Yes, they dont always play well together, sometimes Isabella wants to play on her own.But Peppa Pig on the other hand? Whether it be because hes a boy or hes too little, George is constantly excluded from her games, particularly when shes with her friends. Is this a lesson we want our children to learn? Or should we expect more from the little porker, who regrettably is now considered something of a role model to children worldwide?But its only a cartoon!I know. But it is aimed at preschool children, who have brains like sponges. The interactions between these characters will form some part of their understanding of relationship dynamics. This is why it is so important that the way these characters behave around one another reflects the values and behaviours wed want to see in our children.Im not going to stop my son from watching Peppa Pig. But it has made me reconsider just how much he should be watching a show whose main character displays some of these negative behaviours, particularly as he gets older and reaches preschool age.Most parents can handle that insufferable little pig in small doses. But if you really cant stomach any more of her incessant whining?Im sure a few slices of bread and some HP sauce will make it much more palatable.Jon Peters is a 28-year old writer from the UK. If you reached this far down the page, welcome! Im glad you could join us. If you enjoyed this post and would like to read more of what I have to say, you can get to my profile by clickinghere·RELATED QUESTIONHow to fit 3 children car seats into the back of a carUnfortunately very few cars properly fit 3 car seats, and cramming them all in there may actually decrease the safety of the seat. If you do end up putting one in the front seat, make sure you consider the front passenger air bags - they need to be disabled for many car seats or they can cause significant harm
The Pathetic Syllogism and How to Console People in Grief
Imagine that a close friend of yours has experienced the loss of a loved one. Understandably, she is in grief. But this has been going on for a while now, and she risks not being able to get back to a normal, functional existence. How do you console her?Turns out, the answer depends on whether she is a practitioner of Stoic philosophy or not. And a strategy for each case was laid out more than two millennia ago by the second and third leaders of the Stoa: respectively, Cleanthes and Chrysippus.In his Tusculan Disputations (III.76), Cicero summarizes the two methods. We learn that Cleanthes approach relies on reminding the person who is grieving that death is a natural thing, and not really an evil, since the only true evils are our own bad judgments (and the only true goods are our own good judgments). As Cicero puts it, the intention is to teach the sufferer that what happened is not an evil at all.Obviously, this is going to have track with someone who has adopted Stoicism as their philosophy of life, but not with someone who hasnt. Indeed, I would highly recommend not to use Cleanthes method with a non-Stoic. You would come across as callous and insensitive, and your friend may begin to distance herself from you.But Cicero also tells us about Chrysippus method: to get rid of the persons belief that mourning is something he ought to do, something just and appropriate. For instance, Seneca, in his letter of consolation to Marcia, says that her grief over the death of one of her sons is understandable, but it has gone on for quite some time, and now she has began to neglect her other offspring, her husband, her friends, and her social duties. It is, then, time to set the grief aside and rejoin the world, for the sake of others, if not for her own.As it happens, the two methods are based on the two ways to challenge what Margaret Graver, author of Stoicism and Emotion, calls the pathetic syllogism. I love the term, but lets make clear what we are talking about.A syllogism, of course, is a type of deductive reasoning of the form:P1: X is YP2: Y is ZC: Therefore, X is ZWhere P1 is the first premise, P2 the second premise, and C the conclusion.For instance:P1: Spiderman is a manP2: Men are mortalC: Therefore Spiderman is mortalAs for the word pathetic, in this context it doesnt have the modern English meaning of miserably inadequate; of very low standard, but is instead rooted in the Greek word apatheia, meaning lack of passions. The passions (path) are the negative emotions, such as fear, anger, and hatred. As distinct from the positive emotions (eupatheiai), like joy, love, or a sense of justice.So the pathetic syllogism is a particular piece of deductive reasoning having to do with the negative emotions. It goes like this:P1: Thing T is evilP2: If an evil is present it is appropriate for me to feel distressP3: I am now confronting an instance of thing TC: It is appropriate for me to feel distressFor instance, in the case of our hypothetical grieving friend:P1: The death of a loved one is an evilP2: If an evil is present it is appropriate for me to feel distress, e.g., griefP3: A loved one has diedC: It is appropriate for me to feel griefWe can now see that Cleanthes strategy to deal with grief attacks Premise 1 of the pathetic syllogism, denying that the death of a loved one is an evil (though it is certainly dispreferred, in Stoic terminology).By contrast, Chrysippus strategy attacks Premise 2 of the pathetic syllogism, denying that it is appropriate (in this particular moment, at least) to feel grief at the death of a loved one.(Premise 3 is just a fact: a loved one has died, so it cannot be challenged, unless it turns out that the person in question did not, in fact, die!)Its also obvious why Cleanthes approach should be deployed only with people who practice Stoicism, while Chrysippus line of attack can be followed in any case, with both Stoics and non-Stoics, but especially the latter ones. As Graver puts it, in Chapter 9 of her book: The Chrysippan method of consolation enables a Stoic philosopher to assist people who are not ready to accept his position on the value of externals. For Chrysippus it is the duty of the philosophical therapist to alleviate the emotional ills of all people, including those who adhere to the Peripatetic view that there are three classes of goods (goods of the body and of estate as well as of the soul), or to the Epicurean view that pleasure is the good. It is therefore very helpful, says Chrysippus, if one can proceed in a way that avoids confrontation with their evaluative beliefs.And here is the Master himself, from one of the few fragments we have of his now lost writings:For even if it should be that there are three classes of goods, even so one should work to cure the emotions. But during the critical period of the inflammation one should not waste ones efforts over the belief that preoccupies the person stirred by emotion, lest we ruin the cure which is opportune by lingering at the wrong moment over the refutation of the beliefs which preoccupy the mind. And even if pleasure is the good and this is the view of the person who is overcome by the emotion, one should nonetheless assist him and demonstrate that every emotion is inconsistent, even for those who assume that pleasure is the good and is the goal. (Origen, Against Celsus 8.51, from Chrysippus, On Emotions, book 4)I love this passage because not only it refers to a method of consolation that has the potential to work independently of the individuals philosophical commitments. It also reminds us that the Stoics care more about alleviating suffering than about purity of doctrine·RELATED QUESTIONhelp!!! my new guinea pig!!!!?your guinea pig is popcorning its a sign of happiness!
Speed of Includegraphics Seemingly Dependent on How Many Packages Are Loaded!
This was quite a puzzle.This answer will be long, to match the long time it took me to get to the bottom of this, but the sections are titled and numbered so you can skip over the ones you don't care about. You can even skip to the one-sentence summary at the end. :-)This will describe how I arrived at the answer. If you don't care, and only want the answer, you can skip to the next section.I took the file at the top of the question, saved it into a file jfbu1.tex, also created foo.pdf by copying it as cp $(kpsewhich example-image-a.pdf) foo.pdf, then ran pdftex jfbu1.tex, and sure enough, saw output like:where the numbers are increasing.As what was being measured involved includegraphicsfoo.pdf, I tried to unpack the definition of includegraphics to see if it could be further simplified. (I also tried other things, like replacing D with 10000 occurrences of the expansion of A directly, but that didn't make a difference.) Well, showincludegraphics shows that its definition is leavevmode @ifstar Gin@cliptrue Gin@i Gin@clipfalse Gin@i , so let's replace includegraphics in our file with that, see if the phenomenon is still observed, and then try removing parts of it. (E.g. the first case of the @ifstar conditional is probably irrelevant, as we don't have a * in this example, so we won't take that path.)I did this a little, mostly relying on show, and cursing the complexity of LaTeX (just writing out the full definition of includegraphics in terms of TeX primitives would be immense). (Small tip: next time use the LaTeX source code rather than show; it's a bit easier to read.)Anyway, after a few steps of this (a few steps deep into the definition of includegraphics), I observed that we could replace the original file'swith (using just an early part of the definition of includegraphics):and the phenomenon of time increasing as we load more packages was still observed (though it ran faster). In fact, proceeding a bit, this was sufficient: apparently, simply testing whether a file exists takes longer as we load more packages!A few more steps, and we can get down to TeX primitives (no loading of graphicx necessary): which simply opens and closes the file (apparently this is part of how IfFileExists works internally).After making a few more changes  for example, we don't need the trick to convert pdfelapsedtime into seconds(?) as we care more about the fact that it's increasing than about its actual value, and the phenomenon is consistently observed even with much fewer repetitions instead of 10000 (say 81, replacing 10 with 3)  we arrive at the following slightly simpler file jfbu2.tex, where the phenomenon is still observed:and this still prints output like (not always the same numbers, but the pattern of increase is consistent):(About the useless thepdfelapsedtime before the D, which simply inserts "0" into the typeset output, I'll say more below.)And the mystery remains: the A above seems like it should just do a constant number of operations, why does it take longer as more packages are loaded?Now that we're down to TeX primitives, there's nothing further to unpack at the macro (the TeX programming) level, and we need to look into the TeX program itself.We can step through the TeX program with a debugger like gdb.To do this it would usually be easier to work with the LuaTeX source code, as that's (sort of) written directly in C, rather than the source code of TeX/pdfTeX/XeTeX, as they undergo several rounds of mangling from the .web source to the C code before being compiled. (So the C code that is finally compiled is more readable in the case of LuaTeX.) But it turns out (after appropriate definitions of pdfelapsedtime) that this phenomenon we're interested in does not happen in LuaTeX, so we're stuck with pdfTeX. (It does happen in TeX / XeTeX, where without the convenience of pdfelapsedtime we can just observe visually that it takes longer.)To use gdb, the program needs to be compiled with -g, and also binaries shouldn't be stripped. Fortunately I'd done this before: the trick is, when building from TeX Live sources (see here and here), instead ofto useand update $PATH to use the new binaries appropriately. (Or, if using make install strip, should replace with make install.)One can start gdb with a command like gdb pdftex (make sure PATH is right, or else specify the full path to our specially compiled pdftex binary). Then, one can set breakpoints, before running the program (as if we'd run pdftex jfbu2.tex on the commandline) with run jfbu2.tex.Which breakpoints to set? We'd like to stop when some particular function is called, which doesn't get called too often. My choice was the function called by pdfelapsedtime (though in hindsight I guess using the one for pdfresettimer would have been better) which with some looking at the source code and/or gdb, happens to be (or call) getmicrointerval. (This is the reason for the extra thepdfelapsedtime in the file above, because I want to break there.)So we can start gdb, set break getmicrointerval, and run the program, and it will stop after reaching the place where the function is called. Then we can type continue to continue until the next breakpoint (or end of program), or type next to invoke the next statement of the program (stepping over function calls, i.e. not descending into them) or step to do the same while stepping into function calls. As you keep hitting Enter, it will show you each function that's called, and each line of source that's executed.After doing this a little, it's clear that it will take a long time to do this manually.Long story short: put the following in /.gdbinit:This is like typing "step" and hitting Enter a few million times manually until the program finishes, and everything that gdb outputs will be written to file gdb.txt.With this, the whole thing ran for a few hours, and produced a gdb.txt that was over 700 MB in size, from over 20 million lines.The start of the file looks something like this:(The first Breakpoint 1 at 0x84bad: file pdftex0.c, line 3471 is printed when we set the breakpoint; we had continue after the first time gdb paused at the breakpoint so there's no output until the next.) The part shown in the output above is common to each time pdfelapsedtime is called (we haven't even got to the D part yet).Of course we can't process this 20-million several-hundred-megabyte file by reading through it manually. In fact, grep --line-number Breakpoint gdb.txt can be used to see the number of program steps executed between successive occurrences of pdfelapsedtime (calls to getmicrointerval):This shows thatwhere we can see the increase in the numbers in bold above. (Missed the first D because of the continue.)The main idea is that although the file is 20 million lines long, the set of different lines executed is much smaller, and what we want to compare is which lines were executed more frequently between each successive pairs of breakpoints.We can keep counters of which lines were executed how many times between successive occurrences of Breakpoint 1, getmicrointerval in the file. Used the following Python script:This is the first few lines of output for 2 (the second occurrence of D). The first column is the number of times executed, then what's printed by gdb (usually the line number and source line).Compare with that for 4 (the third occurrence of D, after tikz is loaded):and for 6 (the last one, after xlop is loaded):We can just do this visually, by say opening each in a separate tab and switching between them. For example, the (most frequent) while ( s > 255 ) loop or test is performed 2502900 times after tikz.tex is loaded, compared to 975726 times before. Everything after (less frequent than) zsearchstring is run the same number of times (among statements executed at least 500 times say), and everything above that is from inside the zsearchstring function, or from the zstreqstr function just above (called from zsearchstring). So the culprit is entirely this zsearchstring function in pdftex0.c.If we understand what this zsearchstring is and why it's called, it concludes the debugging process.If you skipped the previous section: so far we've found that all the additional work between different calls of D happens in the function zsearchstring in pdftex0.c, which seems to be invoked more times (and executes a lot more operations) as more packages are loaded. Why?We can see the entire definition of zsearchstring in pdftex0.c or for that matter in tex0.c (which are both inside Build/source/Work/texk/web2c/ in the texlive directory):But at first glance it does not appear to be used anywhere else in the file. That's because in pdftexcoerce.h (or texcoerce.h) you'll find a declaration and a macro defined as it:and you can indeed find searchstring used a few times in pdftex0.c or tex0.c.This C code is somewhat harder to read than necessary though. In fact, the list of files where searchstring is found includes tex.p, which is presumably the result of tangling tex.web. Yet if you look in the TeX source code (with texdoc tex say), you will not find this function, as it's not part of the code that Knuth wrote. It's instead part of the system-dependent changes  changes made in web2c to produce a working TeX program. Instead you need to look at the complete (pdf)TeX source, with the change files too. Something like the following (assuming that texlive is the texlive directory):to produce a pdftex.tex file, followed by pdftex pdftex.tex (after optionally changing the input webmac to input pdfwebmac). (One could also look in the .ch file directly, but WEB code is ugly and is best not looked at directly.)Now we can look in the resulting PDF for search_string.Here's the definition of search_string; compare with our earlier zsearchstring C code above (generated from this):This finally explains what search_string is and why it exists. (We'll say more below.) Looking at places where it's used makes things even more clear. It's used in three procedures: end_name, start_input, and slow_make_string. Let's look at the first two:Compare with the corresponding sections in the TeX program: 517 and 537, which don't use search_string after calling make_name_string. It's worth looking at the definition (at least the documentation / context) of that too:We saw above that these functions are called when scanning a filename in an input, openin or openout operation. This of course includes the includegraphicsfoo.pdf example in the question, and the openin in the reduced example.Note that sometimes scanning does not require creating a string: we can see this by changing the test case to:where the phenomenon is not observed. (Well I haven't run it through gdb, but the numbers do not increase.)Also see why working with filenames required system-dependent changes in the first place  at the time TeX was developed, file names were very inconsistent across operating systems; in fact in the place where TeX was developed (SAIL), file names consisted of a base, extension and an area that included the user's initials and project (or something like that).Some background, for understanding the context of the code we saw above. At the time Knuth was originally (re)writing TeX (19801982), the programming language Pascal (at least the version available to him and at many places where TeX was going to be used) did not have good support for strings. So TeX basically takes care of allocating all strings manually: there's a giant array of characters called str_pool, initialized at the start of the program, and whenever TeX needs to store a new string, it stores the characters of the new string (as it's being built up, e.g. scanned from the input file) at successive indices into this array. For example, the kth string starts at str_poolstr_startk and goes up to str_poolstr_startk1-1. Or you can read this in the program:Note that the string pool is just an array, and is not optimized for finding strings in it: the TeX program as originally written saves references to whatever strings are needed (e.g. it will save k, and thereby know where to find the kth string). It never needs to look through all strings in the array for a particular string, any more than it's reasonable to search through all bytes of a computer's memory looking for a particular value.But when the system-dependent changes for web2c were made (a long time ago), a function slow_make_string was introduced which before saving a string, searches the entire string pool(!) to see whether it's already present under some other name (number). If so, the same string (number) is reused. This explains the very frequent (executed millions of times) loop ofthat we saw in gdb: it's searching through all string numbers s, starting at the largest (most recent) value.It appears that this may have made sense when memory constraints were tighter than time constraints (you can always wait longer), especially as it would also mean the string pool was small so there was a smaller limit on how much time would be spent searching through the entirety of it. At current memory sizes (and memory access times, which have over the last many decades consistently become more expensive relative to (arithmetic) CPU instructions) it may be worth reconsidering...(TeX as originally written does not do this. From some of the documentation it's worded as though TeX simply creates this new string, stores no reference to it, and moves ahead, which sounds like a typical memory leak bug  possibly worthy of one of those reward cheques from DEK? :P  but from looking at some of the code it seems rather that TeX unconditionally flushes the string, so it's rather the case that the changed (web2c) TeX wants to preserve a reference for some reason, so it needs this workaround... it's not clear to me which is the case.)Apart from TeX Live, I took a look at MiKTeX, and it has nearly identical code for these sections. (Just renamed from 54/web2c-string to 54/MiKTeX-string.) I have not been able to look at other less common (not based on web2c) TeX distributions, like KerTeX or TeX-gpc, nor of course of closed-source (commercial) distributions like BaKoMa TeX or Texpad.At the end of a TeX run, if tracingstats1, the program prints statistics to the log file (Here is how much of TeX's memory you used). These are the results by moving the bye to different places in the above file (after adding tracingstats1):At the top of the file (just after tracingstats1):After A, B, C, D have been first defined:(Doesn't change because single-letter names are not stored separately.)After those and also filename has been defined:(Makes sense: filename is one string, and 8 characters long.)Just before the first D:(The two strings of 19 bytes total are not the primitives pdfresettimer and pdfelapsedtime (those would be already stored), but rather something created by thepdfelapsedtime. Not sure of the details.)Just after the first D, or just after the first message:After input xintexpr is loaded (and any place before input tikz):After input tikz:(Note the large increase compared to earlier.)After input xlop (or end of file):These relative increases in the size of the string pool roughly match the relative increases in the time for executing D.In the common implementations of TeX, commands in which TeX scans for a file name (as in the case of includegraphics) involve searching through the entire string pool, and this gets slower as more packages are loaded because the packages define control sequences (macros) whose names are stored in the string poolHere is test file for (Plain) pdftex. To test it, you need some graphics file foo.pdf in working repertory. Mine is a copy of the file found via kpsewhich example-image-a.pdf. Call the following testspeedgraphics.tex and execute pdftex testspeedgraphics on command line.input graphicx.texdefBnoexpandAnoexpandAnoexpandAnoexpandAnoexpandA% noexpandAnoexpandAnoexpandAnoexpandAnoexpandA%edefCBBBBBBBBBB% 100 AdefAnoexpandC%edefDC% 100 C, each one expanding to 100 AdefAsetbox0hboxfoodeffooincludegraphicsfoo.pdfpdfresettimerD % 10000 usage of includegraphicsedefzzzthedimexprpdfelapsedtime spmessage^^J^^J**** zzz ****^^J^^Jinput xintexpr.stypdfresettimerD % 10000 usage of includegraphicsedefzzzthedimexprpdfelapsedtime spmessage^^J^^J**** zzz ****^^J^^Jinput tikz.texpdfresettimerD % 10000 usage of includegraphicsedefzzzthedimexprpdfelapsedtime spmessage^^J^^J**** zzz ****^^J^^Jinput xlop.texpdfresettimerD % 10000 usage of includegraphicsedefzzzthedimexprpdfelapsedtime spmessage^^J^^J**** zzz ****^^J^^JbyeThis file will do 4 times 10000 includegraphicsfoo.pdf in box0. We load more and more packages. On a 2.8GHz computer I get this typically in the console output:**** 1.12306pt****(loading of xintexpr)**** 1.19366pt****(loading of tikz)**** 1.36714pt****(loading of xlop)**** 1.40392pt****Hence there is increase of timings, and one feels the bigger the package the more the impact.Now comment out all loading of extra packages in test file above and repeat experiment. I get typically**** 1.13177pt******** 1.12141pt******** 1.14122pt******** 1.12416pt****i.e. there no timings drift...Now another test file, where we still include graphicx.tex but do no usage of includegraphics, rather we expand a dummy macro foo. This being much faster we do 1000000 repetitions.input graphicx.texdefBnoexpandAnoexpandAnoexpandAnoexpandAnoexpandA% noexpandAnoexpandAnoexpandAnoexpandAnoexpandA%edefCBBBBBBBBBB% 100 AdefAnoexpandC%edefDC% 100 C, each one expanding to 100 AdefAnoexpandD%edefEC% 100 D, each one expanding to 100 CdefAsetbox0hboxfoodeffoofoopdfresettimerE % 1000000 "foo"edefzzzthedimexprpdfelapsedtime spmessage^^J^^J**** zzz ****^^J^^Jinput xintexpr.stypdfresettimerE % 1000000 "foo"edefzzzthedimexprpdfelapsedtime spmessage^^J^^J**** zzz ****^^J^^Jinput tikz.texpdfresettimerE % 1000000 "foo"edefzzzthedimexprpdfelapsedtime spmessage^^J^^J**** zzz ****^^J^^Jinput xlop.texpdfresettimerE % 1000000 "foo"edefzzzthedimexprpdfelapsedtime spmessage^^J^^J**** zzz ****^^J^^JbyeThis test file does all the input's of extra packages. Typically I get from pdftex testspeedfoo.tex:**** 0.48016pt****(xintexpr)**** 0.49115pt****(tikz)**** 0.48283pt****(xlop)**** 0.47798pt****i.e. no impact at all.Now, why is there impact with includegraphics. Is it simply because its expansion is much more complex, and if yes what is explanation? or is it something specific related to includegraphics dealings and then again what is explanation?Perhaps something having to do with hash-table? the more macros are defined the less efficient TeX is in expanding macros? (then the thing would be not includegraphics specific, I stopped my testing there, leaving the experts to express their intuitions first).Originally, this question arose in the context of a Joseph answer using xfp and includegraphics. I wanted to test if using draft option of includegraphics had an impact and then realized that loading or not xfp changed the timings. Then I realized it had nothing xfp specific, but any big package would do.I also tested with this variant of foo:defAsetbox0hboxfoodeffoofooadeffooafoobdeffoobfoocdeffoocfooddeffoodfooedeffooefoofdeffooffoogdeffoogfoohdeffoohfooideffooifoojdeffoojfookdeffookfooldeffoolfoomdeffoomfoondeffoonfooodeffooofoopdeffoopfooqdeffooqfoordeffoorfoosdeffoosfootdeffootfooudeffooufoovdeffoovfoowdeffoowfooxdeffooxfooydeffooyfoozdeffoozfooAdeffooAfooBdeffooBfooCdeffooCfooDdeffooDfooEdeffooEfooFdeffooFfooGdeffooGfooHdeffooHfooIdeffooIfooJdeffooJfooKdeffooKfooLdeffooLfooMdeffooMfooNdeffooNfooOdeffooOfooPdeffooPfooQdeffooQfooRdeffooRfooSdeffooSfooTdeffooTfooUdeffooUfooVdeffooVfooWdeffooWfooXdeffooXfooYdeffooYfooZdeffooZfooaadeffooaafoobbdeffoobbfooccdeffooccfoodddeffooddfooeedeffooeefooffdeffoofffooggdeffooggfoohhdeffoohhfooiideffooiifoojjdeffoojjfookkdeffookkfoolldeffoollfoommdeffoommfoonndeffoonnfoooodeffoooofooppdeffooppfooqqdeffooqqfoorrdeffoorrfoossdeffoossfoottdeffoottfoouudeffoouufoovvdeffoovvfoowwdeffoowwfooxxdeffooxxfooyydeffooyyfoozzdeffoozzfooAAdeffooAAfooBBdeffooBBfooCCdeffooCCfooDDdeffooDDfooEEdeffooEEfooFFdeffooFFfooGGdeffooGGfooHHdeffooHHfooIIdeffooIIfooJJdeffooJJfooKKdeffooKKfooLLdeffooLLfooMMdeffooMMfooNNdeffooNNfooOOdeffooOOfooPPdeffooPPfooQQdeffooQQfooRRdeffooRRfooSSdeffooSSfooTTdeffooTTfooUUdeffooUUfooVVdeffooVVfooWWdeffooWWfooXXdeffooXXfooYYdeffooYYfooZZdeffooZZfooto try to emulate the case with expansions of many distinct macros. But this does not show any drifting when loading packages, i.e. I don't reproduce with that the includegraphics situation: all four executions of 1000000's A take each about 2.9s--3s on my 2.8GHz computer.
How Much Does a Hamster Cage Cost?
Getting hamster for your child involves finding the right hamster cage and the feeding and bedding accessories that go with it. Before you bring the hamster, check out the costs of ownership.Hamster  CageThe most important thing that you will need is the hamster cage. This will be where your hamster will live. There are lots of different types of cages. These can be purchased for anywhere between $10 for a small plastic cage up to $100 for a larger cage made of metal or wood.BeddingBedding material is important as it will make your hamster cage comfortable for the hamster. This will cost between $2 and $10 depending on whether you choose basic bedding, or whether you prefer the scented varieties. Prepare to replace bedding weekly as part of your cleaning regimen.Dish and FoodA dish to put food in is a very good idea, it's best to buy a ceramic bowl so that hamsters can not chew and eat it. This should only cost up to a maximum of $10.Food is also necessary and you can buy lots of different mixes of hamster food at your local pet shop. These should not cost any more than a few dollars for a small bag to try out.BottleAll animals need to drink and hamsters are no exception. Expect to pay up to $5 for a water bottle. A bowl of water could be used instead however bottles are much cleaner and less likely to make a mess.Can guinea pigs eat hamster food?Ignore that person above! I feed my guinea pigs hamster food because I have like 7 hamster lol :) they are perfectly fine and I've won loads of pet shows XD they've been alive for years too :PI lost the tablespoon i use to measure my hamster food?Hi Yes, that's ok. It would be just like you hamster chewing his/her cage or plastic igloo, or any other toy or item that's plastic. It is 100% safe if your hamster has chewed the measuring tablespoon. If I were you I would clean the cage to find it. If it's not in the cage do not worry, just look around the cage, in the floor, under the bed, just any place like that. I would also ask your mom where she put it because it might not be in the cage at all. Hope I have helped you!Is it possible to make homemade hamster food? If so do you have any recipes?I have one! Ingredients: Diffrent types of seeds(unsalted) honey put some of the seeds in a bowl. put honey and form balls. let the honey dry for it hardens. put one ball at a time in!is it okay to feed pet mice hamster food?Hamster food is different. Maybe post on craigslist if someone is willing to tradeWhat foods (other than hamster food) can i give to my hamsters?A hamsters diet mainly consists of a dried mix that can be bought in pet stores. This will contain all the vitamins and minerals a hamster needs. Make sure the mix you buy does not contain too many seeds or nuts because too many of these can make your hamster fat. One thing to note when feeding dwarf hamsters is not to feed too many sugary foods as this could lead to diabetes. You should provide two teaspoons of the dry mix each day. Any food that your hamster does not eat should be thrown away. Along with the normal hamster mix you can also feed your hamster fresh fruit and vegetables once or twice a week. Be careful you do not feed too many of these as it may cause the hamster to get diarrhoea. The following is a list of some foods you can feed your hamster: Banana Sweetcorn Cucumber Apple Cheese Turnip Raisins Peas Carrot Celery Bread Grapes Melon Chicken Never feed your hamster these foods: Chocolate Raw Kidney Beans Garlic Onions Raw Potato Sweets Hope this helps.Hamster Food, Treats & Diet: What Types, How Much & OftenFeeding your hamster is going to be relatively easy considering all the food options that are available to you. With that said though, not every type of hamster food is good for them. Some of your options include carefully formulated ingredients that will provide your hamster a well-balanced diet while others do not provide any nutritional value and are loaded with nothing but sugars or fats. The hamster food you should look for includes 12-24% protein and 3-6% fat. For Pregnant or baby hamsters, you should get hamster food that contains 18-40% protein and 7-9% fat. The reason pregnant mothers and babies need more protein is that they need all the protein to grow. It's during the first month of a baby hamster's life that does most of it's growing; additional protein will help. In addition to the protein and fats, they need a diet high in carbohydrates. Since they burn so much energy when they are active, hamster food with some needed carbs will give them the energy to do their nightly exercise on the hamster wheel or through their tubes and tunnels. Round out the diet with greens in the forms of lettuces, grasses, fruits, and vegetables. What is in Hamster Food With all the options available and all the guidelines you need to follow, you are probably wondering what exact type of hamster food to get. The problem is, there is no one right answer. We can give you a recommendation on what we think makes a well-balanced hamster diet but by no means is this always going to be right for your situation. In addition to pregnant and baby hamsters, you might need to alter your diet formula for any obese, old, or diabetic hamsters. Obese hamsters should be limited in their fat intake, old hamsters can be fed what the babies eat and diabetic hamsters should have low sugar diets. In regards to prepackaged hamster chow, these should make up more than 50% of the overall diet. There are two main types to choose from; seed mixes and lab blocks of pellets. Variety is the spice of life so it's okay to use both in your hamster's diet. A bag of mixed seeds is a great choice if you want a large variety of options for your hamster to eat. Depending on the brand, theses mixes include not only seeds but also and other types of grasses/grains (oats, wheat) dried fruits and vegetables. If your hamsters ate a bit of all these ingredients, it would probably have a relatively balanced diet. However, just as you see in humans, hamsters will pick and choose what they want to eat. Often they will go for the more fatty foods like sunflower seeds or pumpkin seeds while not eating the other parts of the mix. Thus, they do not get a well-balanced diet. You can pick out the fatty seeds like sunflower and pumpkin seeds and only give them out every so often. You might consider removing some of the corn or alfalfa since some hamster owners say they can cause cancer or liver damage but there is little research to back this up from what we can find. Additionally, dehydrated fruits can get stuck in their mouths or cause a cheek impaction. Finally, avoid mixes that have a lot of molasses in them since they are full of sugar. Lab blocks were originally created as feed in laboratories for research animals. You can now buy these at pet stores but the best ones still come from manufactures that still sell to laboratories. A lab block usually contains a mixture of seed and grains and vitamins and minerals. These are a preferred type of hamster food if you want to make sure your little guys or girls are getting all the vitamins and minerals they need to stay healthy. If you could only get one type of dry food, these would be them. You might think they would taste bad but your hamsters will most likely love them, especially the Syrian breeds. In addition to getting a well-balanced diet, these pellets and blocks will help wear down your hamster's teeth and keep them from becoming overgrown. Lastly, Block and pellets are easier to save while cleaning your hamster cage then the smaller seed mixes. Hamsters in nature rarely drink water but instead get their water from the things they eat (This does NOT mean you do not need a water bottle though). Fresh greens, fruits, and vegetables not only provide your hamsters with the water they need, but they also provide extra vitamins and minerals they need. With that said, you need to be careful how much greens you add into the hamster food; too many greens and they can get a case of diarrhea. A rough guide calls for only feeding it about one square inch (2.54cm) of greens per day. There are greens, fruits, and vegetables that are great for hamsters and there are also ones that should be avoided. The following are some of the greens that are acceptable and some of the greens to avoid (If you collect these from outdoors, make sure there are no pesticides or toxic chemicals that could be on them. Always thoroughly wash them before placing them in your hamster's cage.) • Corn (may or may not cause cancer) • Alfalfa (may or may not cause cancer) In their natural habitat hamsters are mainly herbivores but on occasion, if the opportunity arises, they will snatch up small insects or grubs. This means you will need to provide your pet with some food that contains protein. Many of the prepackaged mixes will have some protein so you wo not have to provide that much more. All you need is a small fingers worth every so often. Try to keep its protein intake down around 12-15% unless otherwise for reasons stated in this article (pregnant and baby hamsters). The following is a list of acceptable forms of protein that can be fed to them (It's best to get any of the live insects/bugs on this list from the pet store so no diseases get spread). Hamsters need access to a fresh source of water 24/7. The best way to do this is by providing them with a water bottle or two throughout their habitat. You need more than one if you have several hamsters or an expansive cage system. In the wild you could observe a hamster licking different rocks or minerals that contain salt. They need salt to help retain water and stay healthy. You can provide your hamster with a salt lick or a mineral salts. These come in various forms and are sometimes added to their accessories as a form of play. If you provide your little guy with a well-balanced diet you probably wo not need to get supplements to add extra vitamins and minerals into their food or water. However, if you want to play it safe and make sure they are getting all the nutrition they need, you can get vitamin and mineral supplements; it more than likely wo not do them any harm as long as you follow the directions. Occasionally a pet owner wants to spoil their hamsters by giving them some treats. For the most part, if you feed it a well-balanced diet it wo not need to be fed any treats. However, every so often it's okay to give your hamster something that is not the best for it in terms of nutritional value. If anything, if it does not provide any nutritional value, a tasty treat might improve their happiness which is a roundabout way can improve the little guy or girl's well being. There are a lot of options on the market these days and some are less unhealthy than others. Most of them come in flashy packaging and contain a lot of sugar. Here is a list of some of the treats that are available: Avoid any treat that contains a high amount of sugar. This means no cakes, cookies, or chocolates. If you only spoil your hamster every so often and do not fall for their tricks that they just have to have a treat, then you are being a good pet hamster owner and providing them with the proper care they need.
Why Didn't Noah Have Any Grandchildren in the Ark?
Come on, having one of every animal is one thing, but now having grandchildren on the Ark? That would just be too hard to believe.the more disturbing question is eventually he would have had them. Exactly who is having sex to produce said child? Kind of like, how did Adam and Eve become grandparents?.1. Mothers: what would you do if some other child hit your child?Why do not you bring this up to the apartment complex manager? If parents are not out there watching their children then their children should not be out there either! I would have been tempted to swat the kids butt, but of course I would not have. I would take it to the manager.2. Easter baskets... How do you fill them?I feel the same way you do. I make it a point to not over do it. My family never over did it, but I remember my cousin's family thought it was normal to spend $300 per child for Easter. They would spend almost a $1000 in total on Easter 'gifts'. Gift certificates, you name it. I always thought it was crazy. I got some great ideas from a question I asked the other day. What I plan on doing for my kids Easter 'Buckets' is: Getting a couple plastic pales that have the shovels, rakes and what not in them (cost $1.50 each at Toys'R'Us right now). In them I am going to put a coloring book ($0.50 each) crayon pack ($0.50 each). Going to add one of their favorite fruit juices, couple Kinder Surprise eggs (got a package of 12 for $2) and a chocolate bunny ($1 each). Then on the side I have picked them up a movie (Go! Diego Go! Dinosaur Adventures for $5). My mom always got a 'family movie' as a gift to the family. It was usually a Disney movie of some sort. She did it because it kept us busy while she was cooking our big Easter Dinner.3. Is this art or child pornography?Defiantly Child Porn. Most art containing children are not nude4. How is child support calculated if the father is not in contact with the child?it is based on income of both parents. Child support amounts can always be changed based on income or other factors related to bring up the child.. It does not matter if you see your child or not you are still responsible to help support the child5. Is this normal? Is your child like this? ?Oh, that will change, just wait!6. parents: if your child was atheist?This is not about atheism vs. christianity - it's about respect and family. It's the holidays and whether you believe in God, Jesus or whatever you can still gather with your family and visit. Obviously exchanging gifts does not seem to offend you (funny how that works) so what is the worst that can happen? You just stand there and bow your head while everyone else is praying - I doubt they will be watching to make sure EVERYONE is praying along with them. Go and have fun visiting with your family and politely decline to exchange gifts with them - you do not want to go against your principles afterall7. Is this child abuse? And I so I it legally considered child abuse in Ohio?I am not from Ohio, and I have never lived there. BUT I would consider it to be child abuse. Be brave and consult a higher authority about it. It will be hard and scary, but your parents are the ones who are suppose to protect you. Not harm you. Would you rather live in pain and fear from your own parents, or potentially live in a safe and relaxed home?8. Is this considered child abuse?No this is not child abuse, if this was happening on a daily basis then yes. Sometimes parents flip out I know my mom has beat my *** like that when I did some bad stuff, but obviously she loves me because she feeds me and gives me shelter. Same with your parents, they may flip out for bullshit reasons sometimes but they still love ya.
Cheap but Fabulous Wedding Decoration Ideas
Wedding decorations are essential when planning a wedding. The chosen decors have the potential to make or break the atmosphere of the party, thus careful selection must be taken into serious consideration. It need not be expensive, actually. Price is not a determining factor in making your wedding decorations beautiful and elegant. Buy Cheap Wedding DecorationsFor a soon-to-be bride, planning a wedding usually goes way beyond choosing the most fitting bridal gown and accessories. More often than not, it involves almost every minute details of the occasion, from the wedding favors to the food at the reception. Because of the costs of all other aspects of the event, the prospect of saving some extra bucks on cheap wedding decorations is definitely welcome.In this times where the economy is not at its best, couples should pursue practical ways in making their wedding dreams come true. There are cheap wedding decorations out there that can give fabulous look to the wedding venue and reception. Whats the use of expensive wedding decors, when the decorator is not apt for the job? All you need is your sense of creativity. By being creative you can make each of the cheap wedding decoration shine in glamour and beauty. Affordable wedding decorationsBasically, wedding decorations are made up of flowers, ribbons and candles. Of all items, flowers are the most dominant. Now, to obtain dozens of flowers at the lowest price possible go to flower farms. Flower farms are indeed the cheapest place where you can buy them wholesale. As for the task of doing flower arrangements, you do not have to hire a florist when you can decorate it yourself. This way you can have a great deal of cutting the cost. Why not seek the helping hands of your family and friends to come with an amazing masterpiece? You can come up with different ideas from them. Also, this can be a good bonding time for you and your loved ones to enjoy with.The candles and the ribbon are like supporting artists that add more drama to your wedding decoration. Cheap candles are widely available. They jive perfectly with the flowers and with ribbons to accentuate them; you will certainly have an elegant wedding decoration. Sydney wedding decorationsTry to look around discount stores as well. Youll be surprised at the number of cute items youll find there. You can use these items to add more color to your decorations but dont overdo it. It should complement to your wedding colors and theme. Its safe to keep it simple but elegant.Again, make use of your imagination. The sky is the limit here! Be creative in coming up with a cheap but fabulous wedding decoration. However, this entails time. As with all subjects, you need to plan ahead. With a plan in hand, you can accomplish the task of designing the entire wedding decoration and the search for the cheapest materials. If everything is well-coordinated and well-planned you can rest assured that your cheap wedding decoration will turn out fabulous on your wedding day.Visit here Wedding Decoration Items for Sale·RELATED QUESTIONApartment, non-perm, cheap decor ideas?I have lived in some tiny temporary places with mis-matched furniture. The thing that I have done that has always had an absolutely HUGE impact in making everything come together and look alive and cozy is to incorporate as many plants as possible! The bigger, the better! You would not believe what a difference this makes. Try it! You wont believe your eyes!!
Children
ChildrenImage quality checkingReliability of measurements increases if indicators of pelvic alignment are taken into account: Obturator foramen diameter ratio (of Tnnis): A quotient of pelvic rotation by dividing the horizontal diameter of the obturator foramen of the right side and that of the left. In neutral rotation the ratio is 1 but is considered to be acceptable when it is between 0.56 and 1.8. Symphysis os-ischium angle (of Tnnis): This evaluates the pelvic position in the sagittal plane. Lines are drawn from the highest point of the ischium to the most prominent point of the symphysis, joining at the inside of the pelvis. The range of normal values is from 90 to 135 and is related to the infant's age.MeasurementsThe most useful lines and angles that can be drawn in the pediatric pelvis assessing hip dysplasia are as follows: Normal hip. Hip dysplasia. (A) Hilgenreiner line, connects the inferior tips of the iliac bones, at the triradiate cartilage. This line is used to measure the acetabular angle and as a reference for Perkin line. (B) Perkin line is perpendicular to Hilgenreiner line, touching the lateral margin of the acetabular roof. This leads to four quadrants and a normal femoral head has to be located in the inferomedial quadrant. We can measure the lateral displacement of the femoral head with regard to the Perkin line by dividing the width of the head that crosses the Perkin line by the diameter of the head. The value for patients under 3 years must be 0 and in older children this ranges from 0 to 22%. (C) Shenton line is a continuous arc drawn from the inner edge of the femoral neck to the superior margin of the obturator foramen. In children over about 3 to 4 years of age, this line should be smooth and undisrupted, otherwise it may indicate a fracture or hip dysplasia. However, in infants this line can be unreliable as it depends on the rotation of the hip when the image is taken. (D) The acetabular index measures the acetabular roof slope. It is the most useful measure of acetabular dysplasia until 6 years of age. It is formed between Hilgenreiner line and the acetabular roof. In newborns, values of in males and in females are considered normal. It normally decreases with age: Acetabular index by age in males. Acetabular index by age in females. (E) The medial articular joint space is measured between the medial border of the femoral head or neck (when epiphysis is not ossified) and the acetabular platform. Normal values range between 5 and 12 mm. Differences greater than 1.5 mm between the two sides are considered abnormal.Reimer's migration index (MI), also called the femoral extrusion index, is calculated if hip dysplasia is detected. It can be used to indicate hip dislocation. It is the horizontal distance (parallel to the Hilgenreiner Line) between the Perkin line and the lateral border of the ossification center of the femoral head, divided by the horizontal width of the ossification center. The migration index is normally less than 33% by most sources, but 25% and 30% has also been suggested.— — — — — —What would you think if?I had the same thing, only I had no children from my first marriage. My second, my husband's first. I wore white, I do not think anyone really cares anymore. Hell, let's face it, there are not that many virginal brides ANYWAYS right. It's your wedding, your choice. I see wearing white as a fresh start. .you can think of it that way too.— — — — — —Wife and childrenOn 29 April 1858, Ainslie married Eliza Anne Sawer, daughter of Thomas Sawer of Ickham, Kent, and they had ten children, William Langstaff, Lylie Sophia, Francis Sawer, Mary Isobel, Montague, Rose, Beatrice, George Robert, Thomas Oswald, and Charles Bernard Ainslie (1879-1937), the last of whom became the father of the Liberal politician Jack Ainslie. Ainslie's widow outlived him by six years, dying on 27 December 1899.— — — — — —Do you think there is a problem with Illegal Aliens in the LGBT community?I do agree that people should be able to choose a place to live that is safe and offers more oppotunities for them. Unfortunately, we as U.S. citizens do not fully understand what hell people have to go through just to come to America. My husband of 6yrs. came here illegally simply because when he tried to it the right way the Embassy denied him simply because he was single, educated, and had no children. Therefore, they believed if they granted him a visa he would have no reason to come back to Nigeria. His living conditions in Africa were horrible and he had no reason to stay. I am grateful that he found a way to better his situation, even if it was not "Legal." Everyone has the right to choose to be happy. Why do we give the government so much authority over that? Why should the government get to decide who should and should not be happy? By the way, since my husband has been in the US, he's held a legal job for over 6yrs., pays taxes, and has been a terrific father to 3 beautiful children he helped create....not many American men can even do that!!!!
Does Anyone Have the Recipe for the Olive Garden Pumpkin Cheesecake? It Was WONDERFUL!?
Does anyone have the recipe for the Olive Garden Pumpkin Cheesecake? It was WONDERFUL!?I just bought one frozen from Olive Garden for $40. It weighs over 6 lbs!— — — — — —A recipe for Olive Garden Tuscan Bread Pudding.?carmiescucina.blogspot.com/.../tuscan-bread-pudding-with-amaretto.htm— — — — — —Getting dressed up to go to the Olive Garden..?In my opinion, Olive Garden is not totally fancy, but it sure is fun to dress up to go eat out with friends. Especially if they go occasionally, they must enjoy it— — — — — —What's the most you've ever eaten in a day?Olive Garden for lunch and some more food— — — — — —Does anyone have a recipe for Olive Garden's marinara sauce?recipetrove.com— — — — — —How do I make the same salad as olive garden?All it is is iceberg lettuce with red cabbage, tomato, cucumber and black olives. If you are referring to the dressing, that's just olive oil vinaigrette-look up recipes on the web or there are some good bottled varieties out there— — — — — —What is the recipe for Olive Garden's Tuscan Breeze cocktail?vodka, banana liquor, Pineapple juice— — — — — —Poll: Macaroni Grill or Olive Garden?Olive Garden all the way!— — — — — —how much money should i bring to olive garden?$70 to $170. Depends on what you order? Nice family place— — — — — —Zuppa Tuscany like Olive Garden, for slow cooker?Olive Gardens Zuppa Tuscana 1 1/2 cups spicy sausage 2 medium potatoes, cut in half lengthwise and cut into 1/4 inch slices 3/4 cup onions, diced 6 slices bacon 1 1/2 teaspoons minced garlic 2 cups kale leaves, cut in half, then sliced 2 tablespoons chicken base 1 quart water 1/3 cup heavy cream If sausage is in links, take out of wrapper (or slice). Cook ground sausage, until done. Cook bacon and onion over medium heat, when bacon is crisp, take it out of the pan and leave the onion. Add garlic to the onion, and cook 1 minute. Add chicken base, water, and potatoes; simmer 15 minutes. Crumble bacon. Add crumbled bacon, sausage, kale and cream. Simmer 4 minutes, then serve.— — — — — —what are some vegetarian options at olive garden?Salad and pasta with just veggies. Yummy!!— — — — — —When you eat at Olive Garden, what do you order?We go for lunch and both order unlimited soup and salad. Water w/lemon to drink.— — — — — —I am looking for a good red wine! help me!?Lambrusco it's fairly cheap I had it at Olive Garden— — — — — —Good places to eat at in fort Walton destin Florida?I would go for Olive Garden Ft Walton Beach chain, foods and drinks are just great. I am pretty sure you will loved it— — — — — —Olive Garden Never Ending Pasta Bowl...........?This is why I always only order my chicken & shrimp carbonara entree. =] It's total deliciousness!! Plus their garden fresh salad/little of companion's minestrone soup and sometimes appetizers before actually eating my amazing entree I get full VERY easily and I could finish my entree! I do not know what it is about Olive Garden that let's this miracle happen!! ^_^— — — — — —If I rolled into town and took you out to dinner, where would we eat? What's the main dish?Olive Garden, and I would eat Chicken Alfredo. What would you eat?— — — — — —Is Olive Garden A Good Place For A Date?I think so! I personally love Olive Garden, and a date there would be great! I think that it's a safe place to go because if your date has food restrictions or is a picky eater, chances are they will find something at Olive Garden that they can enjoy. Plus, most people love Italian food. I think it's a perfect place for a date— — — — — —Has anyone ever worked at The Olive Garden?all places are different so the amount of tables will depend on what you can handle you will make less than minimum wage due to you work on tips and they will give you a shirt— — — — — —Planning a vacation to New York very soon, what are the must sees?Please do not eat anywhere that has a theme (i.e. Mars 2012 JekyllHyde, Forrest Gump) and do not eat anywhere that has a franchise in other towns (like Olive Garden, Pizzeria Uno Chicago Grill, TGIF). Absolutely no offense to those restaurants, which even I go to as to experience what the rest of the country is subjected to -- but YOU WILL BE IN NY. There is a different international cuisine on every corner. Do not be afraid. Read restaurant reviews and calm down. Watch the cooking shows on PBS and cable. Clean ethnic food will not make you sick, nor will you be served anything dangerous or weird, like cat, or garden snails. If New Yorkers eat there every day and you read nothing going wrong, then it's safe. I would be more worried about mice droppings in the french fries at the ChuckECheese than eating delicious fresh cold (cooked) shrimp rolls at some Thai restaurant. You must go to a Broadway Show or two, either buying in advance or going to the TKTS booth and flipping a coin. You will not go wrong; it takes millions to launch a play so none of them, no matter how obscure, could be too bad. Read up on what is going on Off-Broadway, too. Check out concerts in small venues according to your musical tastes: jazz, classical, up-and-coming rock bands. Chances are you will be surrounded by "natives", which is what you want. Are you bored with Times Square, the Empire State building, Rockefeller Center and Statue of Liberty (all must-sees)? Overwhelmed by the magnificent art in all the museums (Met, MoMA, Frick, Guggenheim, etc)? Done with some of the other great museums (Police, Tenement, Natural History, NY Historical Society, Ellis Island, Photography, Moving Image, Television and Radio, Cloisters, Native American-- I could go on-and-on). Walked through the Village starting at Union Square (rest-up in the park before starting), down Broadway to Bleecker Street then west till you can not go any further? Done SOHO from Prince and Spring Streets east of Broadway, west to West Broadway? Walked the Upper East Side -- Fifth, Madison and Park Avenues from, say, 60th street to 90th-- and seen how the really rich live? Enjoyed the laid-back Upper West Side and understand why neither neighborhood resident would live in the other's? Shopped at J&R Music-Computer-Electronics World near Ground Zero? Then you are ready for the other boroughs. I do not just mean going the awesome Bronx Zoo and Bronx Botanical Garden, or simply walking across the Brooklyn Bridge and sitting on the Brooklyn Promenade looking at the NYC skyline; there are other places. Brownstone Brooklyn: from DUMBO under the bridges to Brooklyn Heights, Fort Greene/Clinton Hill to Prospect Heights, Prospect Park, Botanic Garden (there is an indoor exhibit, depending on when you go), Brooklyn Museum, Park Slope (especially 7th Avenue from 14th Street to Flatbush Ave). You could walk this in a day but you will be exhausted by the time you hit Park Slope. I recommend taking buses from Brooklyn Heights over to Ft Greene and walk the rest, up Vanderbilt to the Park. Walking shoes time. Then there's Coney Island, albeit only Nathans will be open. Caribbean neighborhood along Flatbush Avenue (take the 41 bus or train to Parkside), where you can get genuine roti, oxtails, tropical fruit and shop for bargains. Brooklyn's Chinatown on 8th Avenue, where souvenirs are cheaper (but probably just as fragile as Manhattan C-town) and the restaurants treat you less anonymously. Bay Ridge still has some Italian/Greek flavor, but catch it before it goes the way of the heavy Scandanavian influence that used to be there decades ago (5th avenue and 86th street; 3rd avenue between 65th and 101st streets). This is a residential neighborhood and can feel territorial, so know where you are going. Brighton Beach's Russian strip? On to Queens: Jackson Diner in Jackson Heights has the best freshest Indian food. It's truly a melting pot around there. Back to Manhattan: Columbia University campus, up Broadway, east to Harlem across 125 Street. Do not be afraid. Do as you would do in the rest of the city: act like you know where you going by memorizing your map and do not meet eyes of crazy people looking for confrontations. More good food, bargains and souvenirs. Koreatown karaoke bars (Manhattan 32nd street) Continue your research on other websites (try timeout.com, zagat.com, the Village Voice paper) and you will have a great ol' time.
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