Xu Zhijun, Chairman in Office of Huawei: Ten Changes in AI Development

Xu Zhijun, chairman in office of Huawei, once summed up the gap between theory and reality of artificial intelligence with brilliance and calmness: on the one hand, the development of artificial intelligence industry is "brilliant" ——The number of machine learning papers published in 2017 was 20000 / more than 22 countries around the world released AI plans / more than 1100 AI startup companies were born in 2017 / AI related mergers and acquisitions reached US $24 billion in 2017 / AI related VC investment reached US $14 billion in 2017.

On the other hand, the "calmness" in the initial stage of artificial intelligence is also of concern - only 4% of enterprises have invested or deployed AI / only about 2% of retailers have invested or deployed AI / only about 5% of deployed smart cities are using AI / in 2017, only about 10% of smart phones had built-in AI / the supply-demand ratio of global AI talents was only 1%.

Xu Zhijun believes that in order to solve the huge gap between "brilliance" and "calmness" of artificial intelligence, we should carry out active changes in technology, talents and industry.

One of the changes: shorten the time of training models - according to the current technical level, training some complex models often takes days or even months, and successful innovation discovery often requires multiple iterations. This training speed seriously restricts the application innovation. We believe that the training of the future model should be completed in a few minutes or even seconds.

Change 2: abundant economic computing power - computing power is the foundation of AI, but the current computing power is very expensive and a scarce resource. If the progress of computing power is the main driving factor for the great development of AI, then the scarcity and cost of computing power are becoming the core factor restricting the all-round development of AI. Computing power should be abundant and economical, and this demand should be realized as soon as possible.

Change 3: artificial intelligence should adapt to any deployment scenario - hybrid cloud has become the main mode for enterprises to adopt cloud services. At present, AI is mainly in the cloud, with a small amount on the edge. The combination with the enterprise's business environment needs to be further deepened. AI will be everywhere in the future. It should be able to be deployed in any scenario and ensure that user privacy is respected and protected.

Change 4: more efficient and safer algorithms - algorithms are another main driving force for the development of AI, but most of the main algorithms used at present were born in the 1980s. With the wide popularization of AI, the shortcomings of these algorithms become more and more obvious. Future algorithms should be based on less data requirements, that is, data efficiency. It should also be based on lower computing power and energy consumption, that is, energy efficiency. At the same time, we should solve our own security problems and realize interpretability, which are an important technical basis for the all-round development of AI.

Change 5: higher automation level - today's artificial intelligence still needs a lot of manpower, especially in the data annotation link. Today, a new profession called "data annotator" has even been born. Some people joked that today's artificial intelligence has no "intelligence" without "artificial". Huawei believes that the automation level of AI itself should be greatly improved, such as automatic or semi-automatic in data annotation, data acquisition, feature extraction, model design and training.

Change 6: the model should be oriented to practical application - in June 2018, Benjamin, an assistant professor at Berkeley University, published a paper with a strange title "can cifar-10 classifier be generalized to cifar-10". This paper points out that the model algorithm with excellent accuracy is tested on the cifar-10 classifier, but there is a deviation on another test set created by the author, which is very close to cifar-10, and the classification and recognition accuracy decreases by 5-15 percentage points. This means that the availability of this model algorithm decreases significantly. Therefore, it can be seen that many excellent model algorithms at present are more excellent in "examination" than in "work". The future model must achieve industrial excellence, that is, meet the needs of industrial production, not just meet the "test" excellence in the test set.

Change 7: model update - the accuracy of the model is not invariable, but will change with the changes of data distribution, application environment and hardware environment. It is necessary for enterprise applications to always keep the accuracy within the expected range. However, the current model updating is non real-time and depends on manual periodic updating, so it is a semi open-loop system. The future model should be able to adapt to various changes in time, update in real time, realize the closed-loop system, and ensure that the enterprise AI application is always in the best state.

Change 8: artificial intelligence requires multi technology collaboration - every general purpose technology can be brought into full play and create huge economic value only if it is fully coordinated with other technologies. AI is no exception, but when we discuss AI, we focus more on AI itself. AI needs to fully cooperate with cloud, Internet of things, edge computing, blockchain, big data, database... And other technologies, so as to give full play to greater value.

Change 9: artificial intelligence should become a basic skill supported by a one-stop platform - today, AI is still a work that can only be completed by experts with advanced skills, mature, stable and perfect automation tools are still lacking, and obtaining an AI model is still a very complex, time-consuming and labor-consuming thing. Huawei believes that there should be a one-stop platform to provide necessary automation tools to make AI application development easier and faster. Thus, AI becomes a basic skill for all application developers and even all ICT technology practitioners.

Change 10: solve the shortage of AI talents with AI thinking - the shortage of AI talents, especially the lack of data scientists, has always been a restrictive factor for the industry. And we believe that data scientists will always be scarce. The solution should be to solve the talent shortage of AI with AI thinking. By focusing on the development of intelligent, automated, simple and easy-to-use AI platform and tool services, and providing training and education, train a large number of data science engineers, so that they can complete a large number of basic data science related work. Through the trapezoidal structure in which a large number of data science engineers, data scientists and experts in various fields cooperate with each other, we can solve the problem of AI talent scarcity.

What Is a Recipe That Calls for Garlic and Onion and Only 1 Or 2 Other Ingredients?
What is a recipe that calls for garlic and onion and only 1 or 2 other ingredients?Spaghetti with butter and garlic. It's delish. Edit: You need to boil water in the microwave. Then add the pasta and cook until done. Be careful though.— — — — — —What other ingredients can I add to my grilled cheese sandwich to make it better?How is not not a reall grilled cheese? You have cheese that is being metled between to sliced of grilled bread correct? A grilled cheese can be made with ANY kind of cheese. As fasr as extras: Tomatoes Grilled Onions Avacado Bacon— — — — — —What other ingredients do they use for a Big Mac?The "secret sauce" is very similar to Thousand Island salad dressing in texture, consistancy and taste. Nobody can tell you exactly what is in it because it would no longer be a secret sauce if they did. In basic terms Thousand Island dressing is nothing more than a mixture of mayo, ketchup and pickle relish.— — — — — —What is a recipe for waffles which uses beer and whiskey for the batter (possibly as a substitute for other ingredients)?Hmmu2026. I wouldnu2019t put it in the batter, though. I would reduce it with maple syrup or honey. You could certainly make savory waffles with a beer batter, using a lighter beer that isnu2019t too bitter. Just substitute the milk in the recipe for an equal amount of beer. Add wild rice, walnuts and dried cranberries. Or some chopped herbs like chives, cilantro or rosemary. Chunks of provolone and crisp lardons of guanciale. Serve them with tomato jam or caramelized onions. I havenu2019t actually done any of this, but now Iu2019m thinking about it.What is a recipe for waffles which uses beer and whiskey for the batter (possibly as a substitute for other ingredients)?— — — — — —whats your fave kind ofMy favourite are sugar cookies with icing. They taste so good and you can have fun decorating them if you get different colours of food colouring and different cookie cutters. You can get them cheap from dollar stores in all sorts of Christmas-related shapes. Here's an easy recipe. Cookies: 3 cups flour 1 cup granulated sugar 1 1/2 tsp baking powder 1/2 tsp salt 1 cup soft butter 1 egg, slightly beaten 3 tbsp cream 1 tsp vanilla (can substitute almond extract) Icing 1/3 cup Crisco (transfat-free) or a 1/3 cup of softened butter 1 pound of confectioners sugar About 1/4 cup of milk 1 teaspoon of vanilla 1 Sift dry ingredients (use a real sifter), cut in butter and add other ingredients. Blend thoroughly; chill for several hours. 2 Break off a piece of dough the size of an orange and pat it flat in your hand. Using a rolling pin, roll on dough on floured board (best to use a 2/1 ration of flour/sugar - 4 Tbsp flour mixed with 2 Tbsp sugar) or between wax paper. (It helps if you flour both sides of the dought.) Roll out to about a 1/4 inch thickness. Cut out and put on silpat-lined or ungreased cookie sheet. Bake 5-8 minutes at 400 F. Remove the cookies from the oven as soon as you see them turning color at the base of the cookie. Let cool completely. 3 Mix icing ingredients together until smooth. Separate into different bowls, add food coloring to achieve various colors. Spread on cookies with a butter knife, use cake decorating piping equipment to add decorative accents. If you want the sprinkle type decorating candies to stick, brush the cookie with clear Karo syrup and then sprinkle. Makes 5 dozen cookies.— — — — — —distinguish the active ingredient from other ingredient in medicines?In modern medicines, the majority of ingredients in them are active ingredients. Otherwise, look them up on Wikipedia— — — — — —Hi Can I have a kim chee recipe?The main ingredient of kimchi is cabbage; no cabbage, no kimchi! And chili... lots of... fiery chili... Various recipes can have other added ingredients but the basic of true Korean kimchi is 'lacto fermented' cabbage. Lacto fermentation takes place when a vegetable / fruit is preserved in salt. If prepared carefully, no need to create a brine - try this: 1 chinese cabbage cut into strips 2 cloves garlic, pressed chili, as much as you can handle salt, best to use sea salt - depending on quality and freshness of veg, use between 0.5 and 1.5% of veg. weight in salt (i.e 100g cabbage = 0.5g to 1.5g) mix salt into cabbage, turn over and over, you should see / feel the cabbage beginning to 'sweat'; add other ingredients (add radishes, an apple for sweetness if you want, carrots into strips - remember to weigh ingredients and adjust amount of salt accordingly!) once veg are well mixed with salt, place in glass jar, place a cover on top of vegetables - i.e. the cover should be touching the vegetables, no merely closing off the jar. place a weight on top of the cover, so that the vegetables are pressed down; you must create the conditions for 'anaerobic fermentation', or in other words, the development of good bacteria who can only survive by 'brathing' in the absence of air! If your vegetables are not pressed down enough, and air is allowed in the mix, you risk you veggies rotting... leave jar at room temp for a couple / three days; press down on the weight / cover regularly, the juices should cover the veg mix. after this time, place in fridge and wait a few more days if you can... kimchi can keep for a long time, it just keeps on getting stronger, and make sure veg are always kept presssed down... it is excellent for digestive health Enjoy
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